Formed in March 2022, the Freedom of Russia Legion, also known as the Legion of Freedom of Russia or Freedom for Russia Legion, is a paramilitary group based in Ukraine. Composed of Russian citizens, the Legion opposes the Russian regime of Vladimir Putin and its invasion of Ukraine. The Legion was formed against the backdrop of growing disillusionment with the Russian government and was a direct response to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The Legion consists of defectors from the Russian Armed Forces and other Russian volunteers, some of whom had emigrated to Ukraine.

Who Makes Up the Freedom of Russia Legion?

The Legion boasts a diverse composition of members, ranging from former Russian Armed Forces personnel to non-military volunteers. Among its notable members is Igor Volobuyev, the Ukrainian-born ex-vice-chairman of Gazprombank, who left Russia at the outbreak of the invasion. A legion spokesman named ‘Caesar’ once gave an insight into the unit’s recruitment process: “several rounds of interviews, psychological tests and even a polygraph,” followed by two months of training.

How the Legion Challenges Russian Forces

The Freedom of Russia Legion’s stated goals are to repel the Russian invasion of Ukraine and ultimately depose the regime of Vladimir Putin. This cause is backed by a solid ideological foundation, with members firmly believing in their fight against the “war criminal Putin” as a necessary struggle for the future of their country. 

The Legion’s impact on the Russo-Ukrainian war is multi-faceted. On the one hand, they have managed to boost the morale of Ukrainian forces and participate in key operations. But, on the other hand, there are controversies surrounding their activities, with allegations of organizing arson and sabotage acts inside Russia, which the Legion denies. 

The Legion has posed considerable challenges to the Russian forces. The Legion claims to have captured Russian military assets, such as a tank and detained Russian Army personnel. Furthermore, they claimed to have captured a Russian prisoner of war in the Lysychansk area.

In July 2022, the Legion reportedly stated that it had withdrawn from active fighting to “restore combat capability.” This strategic move allowed them to focus on training and rebuilding their forces, as evidenced by the multiple videos of the Legion’s soldiers’ training that have been published on their official YouTube channel.

The Irpin Declaration

In August 2022, the Freedom of Russia Legion, along with the National Republican Army and the Russian Volunteer Corps, signed a declaration of cooperation in Irpin, known as the “Irpin Declaration.” These organizations agreed to create a political wing to represent their interests and coordinate a joint information policy, illustrating their commitment to a unified front against the Russian regime.