The Bronze Age was a period of early human civilization known for its advancements in culture, society, language, architecture, ancient warfare, and trade. The old world that experienced the Bronze Age was across the Mediterranean Sea and the Near East.

The Bronze Age was coined from its use of bronze as a metal in this period, which was detrimental to society and trade. Archaeological sites such as the Pyramids of Giza and human advancements like the wheel and writing scripts were created during this timeframe.

Unfortunately, the serenity surrounding the Bronze Age did not last, as a catastrophic chain of events led to an ancient world-shifting collapse that led to the end of several civilizations that took humanity several hundred years to recover from.

What was the Late Bronze Age Collapse?

The Late Bronze Age Collapse was an ancient world societal collapse that affected various ancient civilizations that went extinct from the cataclysm. Occurring sometime between 1250 BC to 1150 BC, prominent ancient cities were destroyed and abandoned, trade routes were severed, and mass death was frequent.

The Hittites, Trojans, and Minoans would suffer from the devastation which destroyed their civilizations. The ever-mysterious anthropological research of the Sea Peoples, a marauding confederation of various tribes whose people plundered and attacked various ancient settlements, is still discussed and researched.

Map of the Late Bronze Age Collapse from Explore the Med

Natural Disasters, Climate Change, Drought, and Plague

Multiple factors played a role in the era’s collapse. Natural disasters, climate change (that caused drought and famine), internal conflicts, invasions, and loss of trade routes all broke apart the Bronze Age.

During the period’s decline, natural disasters, such as earthquakes, became the primary starting point of the collapse. Earthquakes, such as the Minoan Eruption, caused untold devastation to their civilization after a cataclysmic volcano eruption of the Aegean isle of Thera (now modern-day Santorini).