Fallujah, also known as Falluja or Al-Fallujah, is a city in central Iraq. This city is Sunni Arab-dominated and served as a haven for insurgents. The Second Battle of Fallujah happened a few months after the first one took place. United Nations Security Council passed a resolution aiming for disarmament, all the while involving the international community to take part. With the resistance and insurgency rising, it birthed the Second Battle of Fallujah, where the US-led coalition accused Iraq of noncompliance with the disarmament clause from the Council.

The Battle is Bloodier the Second Time Around

The Second Battle of Fallujah in November 2004 was the bloodiest and most ferocious one since Vietnam’s Battle of Hue, according to Tim Dyhouse and Tina Clark of Veterans of Foreign Wars. Thousands of casualties were reported in what was known as the ‘‘Çity of Mosques.’’

Now, remember that this is a city where the presence of civilians was to be considered. But like many war stories, innocent casualties were to be somehow expected and inevitable, regardless of how much the battle was carefully planned and obedience to the principles of war.

Fallujah is a desert metropolis, loved by insurgents and considered a ‘haven’ and setting for one of the most violent urban battles in history.

Almost Like a Staged Battle

Purely looking at how the planning was done, the Second Battle of Fallujah was impressive.

Months of preparation and groundwork were key ingredients. Taking the lessons from the first battle, the troops, led by Lieutenant General John F. Sattler and Major General Richard F. Natonski, did everything they could to prove their might and take charge.

In an article by Kennedy Hickman from ThoughtCo, he cited some of the preparations made by the US Marines prior to the battle breaking out.

The first step was to surround the enemy with their forces, trapping them inside an area and ensuring no one would get away.