Turkey has taken significant strides in bolstering its military capabilities by officially commencing the second phase of the Ozgur 2 program, an ambitious indigenous upgrade initiative for its F-16 fleet. Spearheaded by the Presidency of Defense Industries, the program aims to modernize and enhance the capabilities of the Turkish Air Force’s F-16 Block-30/40/50 jets.

Revolutionizing Turkey’s F-16 Fleet

The Ozgur upgrade program, which began in 2022, has already witnessed the successful delivery of the first upgraded Block-30 in May. After rigorous testing and evaluation of the F-16 prototype integrated with cutting-edge technology developed by the Turkish defense industry, the serial modernization phase of the fleet has now been initiated.

The program focuses on modernizing the structural and avionic aspects of the F-16 Block 30 fighter aircraft. Turkish Aerospace Industries (TUSAŞ) has carried out the structural modernization, increasing the airframe’s flight hours from 8,000 to 12,000, while the avionics modernization will include a wide array of enhancements.

The first modernized aircraft under the F-16 ÖZGÜR Project is expected to be handed over to the Air Force later this year.

The Cutting-Edge Upgrades of Project ÖZGÜR

The comprehensive modernization package is a testament to Turkey’s commitment to bolstering its defense capabilities through self-reliance. The program encompasses both software and hardware components, all of which are indigenously designed and built in Turkey.

A total of 35 F-16 Block 30 fighter aircraft will undergo this transformation, ensuring that the Turkish Air Force is equipped with a potent and state-of-the-art fleet.

Some of the key upgrades include the installation of a new mission computer, a system interface unit, advanced cockpit color displays, a hydraulic fuel gauge, an engine display screen, and a new national identification friend/foe system (IFF). The modernization also involves the integration of a new radar warning receiver and an inertial navigation system to enhance the aircraft’s situational awareness and navigation capabilities.

The most significant advancements come in the form of targeting elements. The F-16s will be equipped with a helmet-mounted cueing system and an Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar, both developed by Aselsan, a prominent Turkish defense contractor. The AESA radar, incorporating Gallium Nitride (GaN) technology, provides unparalleled performance in air-to-air, air-to-ground, and air-to-sea missions—which also includes electronic attack capabilities.

Furthermore, Turkey is working to develop its own smart munitions, which will be integrated into the modernized F-16s, enabling the aircraft to effectively engage both air and surface targets with precision and accuracy.

It is worth noting that Turkey’s indigenous approach to modernizing its F-16 fleet is a testament to its technological prowess and determination to become self-sufficient in defense capabilities. The fact that the Ozgur 2 program covers only the Block 30 aircraft underscores Turkey’s mastery over these particular aircraft and its ability to integrate national avionics and systems.

Fortifying Turkey’s Defense: Prospects and Challenges in Strengthening the Air Force

Meanwhile, Turkey is engaged in discussions with the United States for the purchase of 80 Viper modernization packages from Lockheed Martin to upgrade its Block 50 aircraft. Additionally, Ankara is eyeing the acquisition of 40 new F-16 Block 70s. The recent decision by the Biden administration, as reported by Reuters earlier this month, to move ahead with the transfer of F-16 jets to Turkey will undoubtedly strengthen the country’s air power further.

However, some challenges remain on the horizon. Tensions between Turkey and fellow NATO member Greece, which is seeking to procure F-35 jets from the United States, could potentially impact the F-16 sale. Nevertheless, the Turkish government remains steadfast in its pursuit of advancing its air force capabilities.

The ongoing upgrade program marks a turning point in Turkey’s defense industry and signifies the country’s growing importance as a regional military power.

With the incorporation of state-of-the-art technology and advanced weaponry, the Turkish Air Force is poised to take to the skies with enhanced potency and agility, safeguarding its national interests and regional stability.


In conclusion, Turkey’s recent commencement of the Ozgur 2 program marks a significant milestone in its efforts to bolster military capabilities and achieve self-reliance in defense technology. The program’s modernization of the F-16 fleet showcases Turkey’s technological prowess and dedication to enhancing its air force capabilities. The successful integration of cutting-edge avionics, targeting elements, and the development of indigenous smart munitions ensures that the Turkish Air Force will possess a potent and state-of-the-art fleet.

As Turkey continues its journey toward fortifying its defense, it faces both prospects and challenges. Discussions with the United States for purchasing Viper modernization packages and the new F-16 Block 70s demonstrate Turkey’s commitment to strengthening its air power. However, tensions with fellow NATO member Greece may present hurdles in the process.