For decades, the American military has struggled with ways to improve handgun  effectiveness while avoiding the bad press of using hollow point ammo (sometimes called “Dum dum” bullets).  Picatinny Arsenal announced that the Modular Handgun System (MHS) now under development, will shoot hollow points in combat.

A recent study by the Federal Bureau of Investigation concluded that 9mm hollow-point rounds produce reliable incapacitation. This has not been lost on the military who is always looking for increased performance and force protection.

The effectiveness of hollow points is proven, the argument against their military use is legal, based on Article IV, Section 3 of the 1899 Hague Convention. The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 drew heavily from the Lieber Code, which was issued by President Abraham Lincoln on 24 April 1863, during the Civil War.

The Hague Convention of 1899, Declaration III, prohibited the use of bullets which readily expand or flatten in the human body by national armies engaged in international warfare.