After the Russian Defense Ministry had announced that they used their hypersonic Kinzhal missile to destroy an alleged warehouse filled with Ukrainian munitions as well as a fuel depot near Mykolaiv in the Ivano-Frankivsk region, US officials now confirm that it has indeed been used and that it is the very first time Russia had utilized the weapon in combat.
“On March 18, the Kinzhal aviation missile system with hypersonic aeroballistic missiles destroyed a large underground warehouse of missiles and aviation ammunition of Ukrainian troops in the village of Delyatin, Ivano-Frankivsk region,” the Russian Ministry of Defense said.
The Russian Defense Ministry said that it launched a series of attacks from Crimean airspace, with its cruise missiles launching from ships in the Black and Caspian Seas. Furthermore, Spokesman Major General Igor Konashenkov confirmed that it successfully hit Ukrainian fuel depots in Kostiantynivka.
“Kalibr cruise missiles were launched from the waters of the Black Sea against the Nizhyn plant that repairs Ukrainian armored vehicles damaged in the fighting,” he said.
▫️Destruction of a weapons depot of the Armed Forces of Ukraine by high-precision missile weapons strike. We can see the exact hit of an underground hangar with weapons and ammunition. pic.twitter.com/sKTF46Tdb0
— Минобороны России (@mod_russia) March 19, 2022
According to a report by CNN, the US was able to track the launches in real-time after the Russian Ministry of Defense announced its usage.
The launches were not just to destroy said munitions warehouse but also to send a message to the US and the West regarding its military capabilities. The Russian state news agency RIA Novosti has stated that the attacks represented Russia’s set of next-generation weapons, showing the world its capability to deliver such advanced missiles in modern-day combat.
The missile hit was also recorded by a Russian drone, which may signify that Russia is attempting to show off its military arsenal to cover for its earlier mistakes and failures to bolster its image. Furthermore, it would also be another attempt at NATO deterrence despite its clear failures in planning and executing its invasion plans of Ukraine. There is reason to be skeptical that the missile actually hit a depot for fuel or ammunition as the video of the missile strike does not show any secondary explosions.
Russian analyst Pavel Felgenhauer stated that the missile would not change anything on the ground in Ukraine fundamentally aside from giving Russians propaganda and a psychological boost. He also suggested that Russia was running out of weapons to throw at Ukraine.
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace Nuclear Policy Specialist James Acton also stated that he did not see the usage of the Kinzhal missile as anything significant as there would be little advantage Russia is obtaining from using hypersonic missiles. Furthermore, he also said that these missiles were Iskander-M missiles that were modified further for fighter jet usage. This would be in line with a number of analysts stating that Russia was running out of Iskander missiles, so it “raised the stakes” with the Kinzhal.
On the other hand, Russian analyst Vasily Kashin in an interview with Agence France-Presse, stated that the Kinzhal system would present an advantage to Russia as it had more penetration and destructive power, being more efficient at destroying underground military targets.
US officials have claimed that Russia had fired more than 1,000 missiles into Ukraine since the start of February. In line with analysts’ perspectives, the Ukrainian Defense Ministry has also claimed that Russia had fired nearly all of its missiles into Ukraine, leaving them with a significant loss of offensive potential.
“The enemy has significant problems with logistics, continues to suffer losses. In some areas, it blocks units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Due to the fact that the enemy used almost the entire set of cruise missiles based on the sea ‘Caliber’ and operational and tactical missile systems ‘Iskander’ during the first twenty days of the operation, the enemy continues to launch missile and bomb strikes on infrastructure and housing neighborhoods of large cities using indiscriminate weapons,” the defense ministry said in a translated version of the statement.
Acton also weighed in on the number of missiles launched by Russia, “[That] is an astonishing number and a very significant fraction of Russia’s pre-war inventory,” Acton said. “They may very well be running short of accurate munitions.”
Along with these reports, the Ukrainian Defense Ministry also claimed that Russia’s 960th Assault Aviation Regiment of the 4th Army of the Russian Armed Forces had been severely depleted of soldiers and that their psychological conditions were “unsatisfactory.” Units from the 252nd Motorized Rifle Regiment of the Western Military District fighting in Kharkiv and Izyum had lost about 30% of its personnel. Both claims could not be independently verified. However, it has been widely reported that there had been instances of Russian soldiers surrendering without a fight due to morale issues and food supply shortages.
What Is The Kinzhal Missile?
Russian President Vladimir Putin first announced the hypersonic aero-ballistic air-to-surface Kinzhal “Dagger” missile in 2018, where he unveiled six new Russian “invincible” weapons. Other notable hypersonic missiles announced during that time were the Avangard and the 3M22 Zircon.
However, it’s been rumored that the missile had been used earlier during Russia’s intervention in Syria in 2016. Putin has described the missile to be “an ideal weapon” that could allegedly fly at ten times the speed of sound and is maneuverable mid-flight. It was said to be “undetectable” by western air defense systems, according to Al Jazeera’s Dorsa Jabbari.
Said missiles are said to be designed specifically to destroy NATO missile defense systems and NATO warships due to its growing concerns with NATO’s expansion into former Soviet bloc states. The Russians claim that the missile could overwhelm the US-made Patriot surface-to-air missile (SAM) systems, the THAAD anti-ballistic missile defense system, as well as the naval Aegis Combat System as it could be maneuvered, making it difficult for these air-defense systems to intercept.
These missiles are said to be capable of carrying both conventional and nuclear warheads that could be launched from Tu-22M3 bombers or MiG-31K interceptors with a range of about 1,200 miles if delivered by the MiG-31K and 1,900 miles if delivered by the Tu-22M3. It can reportedly reach speeds ranging from Mach 5 to as much as Mach 12. However, we could not verify the exact speed of the said missile.
The US is also developing hypersonic weapons as part of its Prompt Global Strike program since it launched in the early 2000s, which aims to develop responsive, long-range strike options for the United States in the future. A congressional report published just this March 17 confirms that the program is still actively developing maneuverable weapons that fly at speeds at least Mach 5. It’s been said that the Pentagon’s budget request for hypersonic weapons research is at $3.8 billion for FY 2022.
The Royal Navy and the French Navy have also been developing hypersonic missiles since 2011, known as Perseus, in response to Russia and China’s growing interest in building their arsenal of hypersonic missiles.
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