The recent conflict between Israel and Hamas has drawn global attention, not just for the ongoing military engagements but also for the significant support the United States is providing to Israel in the form of munitions.

Amidst escalating tensions and the exchange of hostilities, the Wall Street Journal (WSJ) recently reported that the US has furnished Israel with approximately 15,000 bombs and artillery shells since Hamas initiated an attack on southern Israel on October 7.

The report highlights that among these munitions are 100 BLU-109 bunker-buster bombs, powerful weapons designed to penetrate hardened structures and targets buried deep underground.

“The US hasn’t previously disclosed the total number of weapons it sent to Israel nor the transfer of 100 BLU-109, 2,000-pound bunker-buster bombs,” the exclusive report read, cited by AFP News.

These bunker-buster bombs, carrying a formidable 900 kg warhead, play a crucial role in Israel’s efforts to address the underground tunnel network utilized by Hamas.

Moreover, according to the WSJ, the US-supplied ordnance to Israel includes over 5,000 Mk82 “dumb” (unguided) bombs, over 5,400 Mk84 2,000-pound warhead bombs, approximately 1,000 GBU-39 small diameter bombs, and approximately 3000 Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) kits, which convert “dumb bombs” into precision-guided missiles.

Understanding the BLU-109: Origins and Operational Mechanisms

The BLU-109 (which stands for Bomb Live Unit) bombs are recognized for their ability to breach heavily fortified targets, making them essential assets in conflicts.

They’ve been historically utilized by the US military in various theaters—including Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, Somalia, and Libya—since World War II, where it was originally intended for destroying German underground rocket factories.