In a recent US Naval War College report, concerns have been raised about the secrecy surrounding China’s submarine production and its growing cooperation with Russia. This collaboration could potentially accelerate China’s submarine manufacturing capabilities and shed light on Beijing’s closely guarded submarine prowess.

With technical details about submarine production classified in most countries, China takes secrecy to a whole new level, making it challenging to assess its undersea warfare systems.

China’s Culture of Extreme Secrecy

The China Maritime Studies Institute’s latest report highlights the culture of extreme secrecy in China, which extends even to less critical aspects of submarine production. This opacity is characterized by a lack of public budgets, opaque procurement processes, a monopolistic approach to procurement, and a hidden build schedule.

As a result, China’s submarine procurement remains more obscure than that of most other nations.