“Each citizen has to be killed, we shall take no prisoners. Warsaw shall be erased from the face of the Earth and served as a deterrent for the whole Europe.”

These are the words of Adolf Hitler after he had been told about the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising, which began on August 1, 1944. What happened next was best described by Europe’s executioner, Himmler, one of the most notorious war criminals, who summed up the Uprising as, “…the toughest battle we had to fight since the beginning of war.”

The first few days of the Uprising brought mass killings of the inhabitants of Wola, one of Warsaw’s districts. 20,000 people were shot in one day, which at that time was the bloodiest day of World War II. The climax of the battle was the few days between August 5-7, 1944, when between 38,000-65,000 Polish men, women and children were killed.

In total during the fighting, as a result of air raids, shelling, dire living conditions and at hands of the Germans, between 150,000 to 200,000 civilians living in Warsaw were killed.