The conflict between Russia and Ukraine has been going on for over a year now with no end in sight. Amid this conflict, one of the most important factors is the type of tanks both sides use. On one side, Russia has advanced tanks developed over decades of research and development. Conversely, Ukraine has recently received donations from Western countries such as Germany, the United States, and the United Kingdom. These donated tanks are typically more advanced than their Russian counterparts and could give Ukraine an edge in the war.

In order to understand how these two types of tanks compare, it is necessary to look at their strengths and weaknesses. The Russian tanks are well known for their durability and reliability. However, some lack advanced features on Western tanks, such as active protection systems (APS) or laser range finders (LRF). The APS system allows a tank to detect incoming threats before they reach it, while the LRF gives it greater accuracy when firing at targets.

Russian tanks have long been seen as some of the most powerful and advanced in the world. They are heavily armored and equipped with sophisticated weapons systems, making them formidable opponents on the battlefield. However, they also come with their own set of drawbacks. Russian tanks are expensive to maintain and operate, parts are hard to find, and they can be slow to respond to changing conditions on the ground.

On the other hand, Western-donated tanks offer many advantages over their Russian counterparts. These tanks are typically lighter, faster, and more maneuverable than their Russian counterparts. They also tend to be cheaper to maintain and operate, making them attractive options for Ukraine’s military forces. Additionally, these tanks come with modern weapons systems that can provide superior firepower compared to older models of Russian tanks.

The US has donated M1 Abrams tanks, M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicles, High Mobility Artillery Rocket Systems (HIMARS), and Javelin anti-tank missiles to Ukraine. The EU has provided Leopard 2A4 main battle tanks, BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles, and T-72 main battle tanks.

In addition to these donations, Ukraine has purchased additional tanks from other countries, such as Turkey and Poland. These include the Turkish Altay main battle tank and the Polish PT-91 Twardy main battle tank. 

Western, Ukrainian Tanks in the Frontline

The M1 Abrams tank is one of the most iconic American tanks since those popularized during World War II. It was developed by the United States in 1980 and has since become the main battle tank of the US Army. The Abrams features a powerful 120mm main gun, advanced armor protection, and an advanced fire control system. Its superior mobility and firepower make it one of the most formidable tanks on the battlefield.

 The M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicle is another iconic American armored vehicle. Developed by the United States in 1981, this replacement for the M113 was designed to provide infantry with a mobile platform for direct fire support. The M2 Bradley features a 25mm chain gun, a TOW missile launcher, and a 7.62mm machine gun. Its high speed and maneuverability make it an ideal choice for urban warfare scenarios.