On Sept. 1, Venezuela’s opposition has promised to hold a massive demonstration in the capital demanding a presidential recall in the midst of a deep political and economic crisis that has many going hungry and emotions on edge.

But there’s one looming question: Will the military allow the protest?

“We’re betting that it will be the largest gathering in the country’s history, and the armed forces are going to have to choose,” said opposition deputy Armando Armas. “Are they really on the side of the people and the Constitution?”

No one knows for sure whether the military will stand by passively as people are bussed into Caracas to exercise their right to peaceful dissent. But many Venezuelans fear the armed forces are likely to close ranks around the administration and do their best — with roadblocks, tear gas and intimidation — to keep the hordes from turning into a meaningful mass.