The Lebanese Republic, at one point, was the most prosperous in the modern-day Middle East. With a strong economy and excellent relations with the West and East, Lebanon was the region’s powerhouse, while current regional powers such as Israel, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE were still developing.

Unfortunately for Lebanon, two brutal civil wars divided the country on sectarian and class ideologies, with the second war in the mid-70s being the most tumultuous. While the government and various militias were significantly weakened from the civil war, one particular paramilitary reaped the spoils of the chaos—Hezbollah.

Hezbollah’s origins

Originating as an Islamic Republic-created paramilitary group led and funded by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps, Hezbollah slowly took over Lebanon in several acts.