An attack on the presidential residence has caused the legislature to question the very core of Brazil’s democratic system.

On Sunday, thousands of Jair Bolsonaro’s advocates broke into and vandalized the executive office, the legislative branch, and the supreme court of Brazil, a scene reminiscent of the insurrection at the US Capitol by Donald Trump’s followers. This attack was the most serious threat to democracy in the biggest Latin American country since the 1964 military coup. Moreover, it revealed the proliferation of far-right demonstrators in Western democracies, with rebellious individuals being driven to extremism by inflammatory political discourse and denying the legitimacy of the election results, thereby attacking the rule of law.