Canada has indicated that it will significantly invest in North American Aerospace Defense Command’s (NORAD) modernization in the coming years. The , or NORAD, is a joint U.S.-Canadian defense organization that detects security threats. 

Anita Anand, Canada’s Minister of Defense, announced on June 20 the $4.9 billion or $3.8 billion upgrade proposal. She noted escalating potential threats from Russia as well as technological advancements.

Against the backdrop of the Cold War and the ever-present threat of an aerial assault by the Soviet Union throughout that era, Canada and the United States founded the world’s only intergovernmental military command more than six decades ago, according to Anand, citing a historical reason why the plan is a “pressing need,” in the speech.

When money is spent on military programs in Canada, the result is frequently years of contentious political debate but very little progress. But this news that Canada will spend roughly 5 billion Canadian dollars over the next six years to upgrade NORAD’s defensive systems was met with hardly a peep of objection.