Iran’s strategic maneuvering through its proxy, Hamas, is becoming increasingly apparent in a complex geopolitical chess game unfolding in the Middle East.

While Iran officially denies any direct involvement in the attacks on Israel by Hamas, there have been speculations about mounting evidence that Tehran is playing a significant role behind the scenes, using the Palestinian group as a tool to achieve its broader regional objectives.

Iran’s Foreign Minister, Hossein Amir-Abdollahian, recently stated in an interview with Al Jazeera that if Israeli attacks on Gaza, which have been taking a heavy toll on innocent civilians, persist without resolution, it is highly probable that “many other fronts will be opened.”

He ominously added that the option of a broader war is “not ruled out” and is increasingly likely.

But what are the motivations behind Iran’s support for Hamas and its willingness to escalate tensions in the region? To understand Iran’s speculated strategy, it’s crucial to examine the broader context and Iran’s national objectives in the Middle East.

Countering the Abraham Accords

One key objective for Iran is to counter the American-brokered Abraham Accords, which aimed to foster peaceful coexistence between Israel and Arab states in the region.

The historical rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia for leadership within the Muslim world is well-known. Iran was deeply disturbed by the prospect of Saudi Arabia, the Gulf region’s leading Arab state, considering diplomatic engagement with Israel under the mediation of US President Joe Biden.