Eastern European countries are bolstering their defense capabilities amid escalating tensions following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, and Poland is positioning itself as a regional military force to be reckoned with. Despite its relatively recent NATO membership in 1999, Warsaw has taken significant strides in redefining its military prowess, both in terms of spending and strategic acquisitions.

Ambitions and Strategy: Forging “Europe’s Largest Land Force

Central to Poland’s assertion of its defense capabilities is its resolute commitment to allocate resources. In 2023, Poland’s defense budget stands at an impressive 3.9 percent of its GDP, a staggering figure that almost doubles NATO’s suggested benchmark of 2 percent. This fiscal dedication places Warsaw ahead of established NATO member states like Germany and France, both of which are still striving to meet the alliance’s recommended expenditure target.

Defense Minister Mariusz Błaszczak has explained Poland’s ambitions, stating its intention to forge “the largest land force in Europe.”

This aspiration includes a plan to double the country’s military personnel to 300,000. Currently equipped with an array of both Western and Soviet-era weaponry, Poland reportedly boasts 650 tanks, 800 artillery pieces, 94 jet fighters, and 28 attack helicopters, as reported by the International Institute for Strategic Studies. Meanwhile, some of its older military assets, including Soviet-designed MiG-29 fighter jets and T-72 tanks, and Polish-built Krab 155-mm self-propelled howitzers, were sent to Ukraine as part of its military aid package to the war-torn country.