For over 12 months, Russian aircraft have attacked multiple Ukrainian towns and villages, demolishing healthcare facilities and residential buildings. There has been extensive evidence of Russian war crimes, so Ukrainian law enforcement acted immediately.

In Kyiv, 600 Russians, including high-ranking political and military personnel such as Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, have been identified as being complicit in multiple war crimes. Additionally, the investigation includes a lesser-known colonel who is thought to be linked to several savage aerial assaults against Ukraine.

The Guardian interviewed former military personnel and defense officials and used open-source information to profile some of the commanders and generals that Ukraine has accused of war crimes in connection with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The International Criminal Court in The Hague has so far opened two war crimes cases.

The Guardian recently assessed a board used by Ukrainian prosecutors to track evidence of suspected Russian war crimes. The board was 4 meters wide by 1.5 meters tall and featured a diagram of Ukraine’s entire Russian military hierarchy. In addition, it included names and photographs of those under investigation by Ukraine for their possible involvement in war crimes. The chart includes hundreds of Russian soldiers, broken down by regiment, and goes as far as the most senior commander, Vladimir Putin.

“We started mapping the Russian commanders and generals last year,” said Oleksandr Filchakov, the chief prosecutor for the Kharkiv region who, alongside colleagues in other regions, has been working on the board since the Russian invasion. “And we keep updating it, week after week.”

The Butcher of Mariupol: Col Gen Mikhail Mizintsev

The siege of Mariupol in Ukraine was arguably the most destructive battle of Russia’s war there, with the Ukrainian government estimating 22,000 deaths. This tragedy has been likened to the devastation of Aleppo, Syria, where Russian airstrikes leveled the city after Moscow’s involvement in the conflict in 2015 in support of President Bashar al-Assad.

Col. Gen Mikhail Mizintsev, a Russian military official subject to sanctions by the British government in March 2022 due to his involvement in the bombardments of two cities, was the head of both Russian campaigns.

Mikhail Mizintsev, nicknamed the ‘Butcher of Mariupol’ in Ukraine, became renowned as Russia’s first National Defence Management Center leader. He was responsible for assembling the impressive command center in the Kremlin’s core.