It’s fascinating how military architecture evolved through time. The imposing castles of the medieval era transitioned to the complex underground bunkers we see today. Likewise, the Great Wall of China morphed into the sophisticated missile defense systems we’ve developed in recent years. 

Thousands of years ago, our ancestors first learned the importance of protective structures. They hastily erected simple barriers made of stones, earth, and wood. 

As their societies evolved, so did their defensive structures, ultimately giving rise to impressive citadels and fortresses. And it didn’t stop there. 

Over centuries, these structures have continuously adapted to address new threats, technologies, and tactics, morphing into today’s complex military architecture.

For this piece, we’re exploring the remarkable evolution of military architecture. As you’ll see, each one tells a compelling story.

The Humble Beginnings of Military Architecture: Walls of Jericho and Beyond

Let’s start with the ancient city of Jericho, nestled in the modern-day West Bank. 

You might have heard of it from the biblical story of the trumpets causing the city’s walls to tumble down. But did you know these walls were a fascinating feat of prehistoric engineering? 

Around 8000 B.C., Jericho’s walls stood about 12 feet high and 6 feet thick, designed to protect the city’s residents from raids. They even had a stone watchtower. Can you imagine the view from there?