The United States and Kenya recently inked a crucial joint defense deal during a ceremony held in Nairobi.

The five-year plan for defense cooperation, signed by US Secretary of Defense Lloyd J. Austin III and Kenyan Defense Minister Aden Bare Duale last week, underscores the commitment of both nations to combatting security threats, particularly in the East African region.

Fighting the Menace of al-Shabaab

One of the central focuses of this historic treaty is the joint effort to counter the menace of al-Shabaab, an armed Islamist group with affiliations to al-Qaeda. First emerging in the aftermath of the Somali Civil War in the early 2000s, the extremist group has extended its activities beyond Somalia’s borders, mainly targeting neighboring Kenya.

Al-Shabaab has been a persistent threat in the region, launching high-profile attacks in the country since 2013. One of the most devastating incidents occurred in 2019 when the terrorist group was responsible for the brutal murder of 21 people in Nairobi, including an American citizen.