The recent arrival of a United Nations mission in Nagorno-Karabakh marks a significant development in the aftermath of the evolving conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia.

For the first time in nearly three decades, the international body gained access to the region to assess humanitarian needs in the wake of a one-day Azerbaijani offensive that led to the disarmament and dissolution of Armenian separatists. This brief analysis delves into the implications of this mission, the refugee crisis, international responses, and the future of Nagorno-Karabakh.

Background of the Evolving Conflict

Nagorno-Karabakh, a breakaway enclave, has been a long-standing source of conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan since the disintegration of the Soviet Union, fueled by ethnic and territorial disputes.

For decades, Armenian separatists controlled the region located within Azerbaijan’s borders, nevertheless predominantly populated by the former, which they aspire to reunite with Armenia. Meanwhile, Azerbaijan continues to seek to regain control over its territory, with a one-day Azerbaijani offensive in recent times leading to a sudden shift in power dynamics.